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Here are presented the results of the enquiry carried out by Herodotus of Halicarnassus. The purpose is to prevent the traces of human events from being erased by time, and to preserve the fame of the important and remarkable achievements produced by both Greeks and non-Greeks; among the matters covered is, in particular, the cause of the hostilities between Greeks and non-Greeks.
Herodotus, 1, preamble, translation Robin Waterfield, 2008

These are the words used by the historian Herodotus in the narration of the events of the Persian Wars. Celebrating, this year, the anniversary of the 2,500 years since the battles of the Greeks at Thermopylae and Salamis, the Directorate of Archaeological Museums, Exhibitions and Educational Programs aimed at coordinating and connecting Museums of the Ministry of Culture and Sports in order to present the modular exhibition "Proving History".

Herodotus constitutes the main source on the period of the Persian Wars; however a large number of other pieces of evidence are here to support and enhance his account. The main concept of the exhibition is the presentation of the historic narrative based on the study of the sources, i.e. texts and inscriptions, on the excavations and the movable finds that these brought to light. By combining these pieces of evidence, even little fragments of them at first glance, we can restitute the events, trace the atmosphere of that era and reshape the total picture of the conflict of the two worlds, East and West, which determined the course of History.


Directorate of Archaeological Museums, Exhibitions & Educational Programs
Ephorate of Antiquities of the City of Athens


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